To Do Better Work, Use Pen and Paper

Why writing by hand makes you more creative and productive

Stephen Moore
Published in
3 min readOct 30, 2019


A smiling woman takes notes in her journal.
Photo: Westend61/Getty

DDid you know that Paul Lauterbur’s first concept for the MRI machine was sketched out on a restaurant napkin? Or that J.K. Rowling initially scribbled down the idea of the Hogwarts houses on the back of an air sickness bag? Quentin Tarantino writes all his screenplays longhand, buying a specific notebook and pen at the start of each project, and Tinder CEO Elie Seidman swears by pen and paper.

It might sound impractical — archaic, even — but if you’re struggling with productivity or creativity, it might be time to grab a pen and paper, and let your brain flow out onto the page. I’ve been using the old-school tools, and sure, they can feel a little clunky. In my notebook, there are crossed-out words, lines, arrows, and mistakes everywhere. My hand cramps up every now and then.

And yet, the simple practice of writing longhand has done wonders for me and my work. It has given me an uncluttered way to connect with my thoughts on an emotional level. It’s also allowed me to study my own thought process — I can see how my ideas and thoughts formed, how I got from A to B. The scribbles, scored-out sentences, and underlined words tell their own story.

There’s actual science behind this: MRI scans have revealed that writing by hand increases neural activity in certain sections of the brain. See, there’s a reason why your schoolteachers told you to write things out again and again. It probably felt like a never-ending punishment, but the process helped you learn. When it comes to productivity, writing on paper cuts out all the noise. There are no notifications blinking on a screen, no 67 other tabs fighting for your attention. Author Patrick McLean writes in his defense of longhand: “As much as I love technology, it drives us to distraction. A pen and paper has but one functionality. It captures the marks I make so that they can be referred to at a later time.”

What’s more, longhand allows for spontaneous expression. (Just think of J.K. Rowling getting her Hogwarts inspiration while in the air!) When you experience a moment of inspiration, having a pen and paper at hand means you can instantly sketch out the essence of it or jot down the keywords. It’s fast and dirty — and highly effective at transferring your brain waves into reality.

Writing on paper is a process of trial and error. There is no chance to highlight and delete or copy and paste your work. It’s full flow in free flow. This means ideas form in real time and things take unexpected directions. There are no restrictions on how you follow these tangents. You can write, sketch, and diagram in any way, shape, or form, with no boundaries aside from staying on the page.

Try it for a while. Carry a pen and notebook wherever you go. Use it to do your deepest work. Make mistakes. Cross things out. Write new thoughts. Repeat. Then take a moment to sit back and reflect on the page in front of you.